Parham Nassehpoor
  .Persian Music Instrumentalist

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KAMANCHE

Kamanche

 

Kamanche

Persian Kamanche Players

Persian Kamanche Makers

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Azeri Kamanche Players

Armenian Kamanche Players

 

KAMANCHE

Kamanche belongs to the Chordophones category of instruments, and in more details to Bowed Stringed Instruments or it can be said Kamanche is a Persian Spike Fiddle. The word Kamanche means in Persian language a small bow. Kamanche is played in many different cultures and regions, like in Iran, Azerbaijan, Armenia, Turkey,...and with different pronunciations and different names, like Kamanche or Kamancheh or Kamantche in Iran, Kamancha or Kamantcha in Azerbaijan, Kemanche or Kemancha or Kemantcha in Armenia, Kabak Kemane in Turkey, Ghijak (Gijak, Gidzhak,...) in Central Asia, Rababa in Arab countries.... Kamanche is played both in classical and folk Music.

Kamanche Strings

Strings were first made of gut or silk. Modern strings may be gut, solid steel, stranded steel, or various synthetic materials, wound with various metals. Kamanche strings are produced in the countries, in which Kamanche is played, but the quality of these strings are not good enough, that is why many Kamanche players try to use Violin or Viola strings for Kamanche. Kamanche players will usually change a string when it no longer plays true or when it loses the desired tone. We count the strings from the highest tone to the lowest tone. Kamanche has mainly four strings at the present time, but there are some kinds of Kamanche that they have three strings and there were at the past time some kinds of Kamanche with two until six strings.

Kamanche Tuning

If we put Diese (sharp) next to a note, the note will become half note higher, Bemol (flat), half tone lower, Sori, 1/4 tone higher and Koron 1/4 tone lower. The signs and definitions that we use here, are only to show the exact notes that we play in the mentioned musical culture. For example when we use Mi Diese, we do not mean the note, that is half tone higher than Mi, but we mean the note between Re and Mi Koron. It means the usage and function of the signs are not exactly like the definitions of the signs. We count the strings from higher to lower. The most usual tunings are Re La Re La and Re Sol Re Sol.

 

PERSIAN KAMANCHE PLAYERS

 

Hossein Eemailzade

Persian Kamanche

He is the son of Esmail Khan, the Kamanche player of Ghajar era. It is famous that he was in playing the Kamanche as skillful as Mirza Hosseingholi in playing the Persian Tar. He was the soloist of Darvish Khan's and Aref Ghazvini's concerts. Thanks to Pooyan Nassehpoor for preparing this recording.

Persian Kamanche Solo

 

Bagher Rameshgar

Persian Kamanche Player

Bagher Khan Rameshgar a Kamanche player of Ghajar era. Special about him is his Kamanche with six pegs. He learned Kamanche from Musa Kashi and Radif (repertoire of Persian classical music) from Mirza Hosseingholi. He traveled to Paris, London and Tbilisi for recording music.

Persian Kamanche Solo

 

Persian Kamanche Makers

 

Bayaz Amiratayi

Persian Kamanche Maker

Bayaz Amiratai (1955-) an Iranian Kamanche maker. He became familiar in 1971 with Ebrahim Ghanbari Mehr, a multi-instrument maker and learned from him how to make different musical instruments, but he makes mainly Kamanche.

 

Azeri Kamanche Players

 

Arif Asadullayev

Azeri Kamanche (Kamancha)

He is a skillful Azeri Kamanche (Kamancha) player and chief teacher of Baku Musical Academy. He has also notated the repertoire of Azerbaijani classical music (Mugham) for Azeri Kamanche (Kamancha).

Azeri Kamanche Solo

 

Shafiga Eyvazova

Azeri Kamanche (Kamancha) Player

Shafiga Eyvazova (1947-) an Azeri Kamanche (Kamancha) player, professor of Baku Musical Academy and Arif Asadullayev’s wife. She has accompanied singers like Arif Babayev and performed as Azeri Kamanche (Kamancha) soloist with Tekfen Philharmonic Orchestra.

Azeri Kamanche Solo

 

Adalat Vazirov

Azeri Kamanche Solo

 

Armenian Kamanche Players

 

Monsieur Haig

Unfortunately we do not know so much about his biography, but fortunately we have some recordings of his Kamanche playing. He is an Armenian Kamanche player from Iran and a friend of Sasha Tarkhanian, the Caucasian or Armenian Tar player. You can listen here to his recording, that we guess it has been recorded in 1930’s. Thanks to Pooyan Nassehpoor for preparing this recording.

Armenian Kamanche Solo