Kamanche is a string or stringed instrument. In these musical instruments a stretched vibrating string produces the initial sound. They are called Chordophones as well. "Kamânche" consists of "Kamân" and "che". "Kamân" is a Persian name that means bow in English and "Che" is the Persian suffix to create a diminutive form, therefore the word "Kamânche" means "small bow". Kamanche is a bowed string instrument, so it means that a bow is used to stroke the strings, in order to create sound. Kamanche is a fretless instrument and may called the Persian spike fiddle, so the instrument has a spike at the bottom to rest on the ground or lap.
Here I am going to introduce only some Kamanche players, who were or are unique and brilliant Kamanche players. It includes some important lines about their musical life, a picture and an audio sample. I hope that these informations are going to be helpful, for the Kamanche lovers, who want to develop their skillfulness in playing the Kamanche.
Hosseyn Xan Esma'il Zade
He is the son of Esmai'l Xan, the Kamanche player of Qajar era. He was a Kamanche virtuoso and teached the instrument for many years. He cooperate as a soloist with Darvish Xan (the Persian Tar player) and Aref Ghazvini (poet and song composer). He composed also beautiful pieces in "Reng" and "Pish Daramd" forms. Thanks to Pooyan Nassehpoor for this rare recording.